BACKGROUND: Mammoth Park, part of the Viminacium Archaeological Park near Kostolac in Eastern Serbia, opened in June 2014, and is now an exquisite tourist destination. The park is situated in an underground cave where visitors can see exposed skeletons of a female mammoth, Vike, found in 2009, as well as the remains of her four young relatives. After a million years spent beneath the Drmno mine, the Viminacium mammoths (the oldest residents of the EU continent), are now on display to the public in a layer of sand in which they were discovered.
CHALLENGE: The Mammoth was found 270 meters east of the Imperial Mausoleum, at a depth of 27 meters and subsequently moved to Viminacium in April 2014. The Institute for Nature Conservation issued the official criteria by which to carry out the delicate move of the skeletons. Experts at the Natural History Museum in Belgrade carried out the restoration and conservation of the Mammoth, followed by the construction of a protective structure allowing visitor accessibility, 5.8 meters below ground. Cooperation with the Institute of Archaeology required proper lightning without damaging UV exposure for the mammoth skeleton and proper air flow of the underground space.
SOLUTION AND RESULTS: To meet their goals, Kerber presented a solution with Solatube Daylighting Systems to help achieve enough natural light with minimal thermal impact to the underground cave of 1300 m² (32.5 m x 40 m); thereby creating the best possible environment for visitors and employees. Furthermore, Solatube Daylighting Systems eliminate the damaging effects of UV radiation. Solar Star ventilation systems were suggested to ensure proper air flow through the cave. To maximize daylight. the product selected was the Solatube SolaMaster® Series 330 DS with 1.2 m long tubes and Solar Star ventilation units added.